What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia exists in all cultures and across the range of abilities and backgrounds and often runs in the family. It has nothing to do with intelligence and is estimated that 1 in 10 people has dyslexia.
Dyslexia is a 'learning difference' that mainly affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling. Co-occurring difficulties may be seen in aspects of language, motor co-ordination, mental calculation, concentration and personal organisation, but these are not by themselves, markers of dyslexia.
There is no ‘cure’ but lots of practical things can help overcome some of the barriers it presents.
What are the indicators of dyslexia?
How dyslexia 'presents' in your child will vary depending on their age. Each dyslexic profile of strengths and weaknesses are individual.
The BDA has a list of indicators for the following stages:
- Primary Age
How is dyslexia formally identified in children?
Dyslexia can only be formally identified through a diagnostic assessment carried out by a certified assessor, such as myself.
Screening tests can help to give an indication of possible dyslexic difficulties, some are delivered by computer and others can be carried out by a teacher. These can help to outline strengths and weaknesses which can then inform a teaching strategy. They do not provide a formal identification of dyslexia.
The most detailed and comprehensive type of assessment is a diagnostic assessment. These can be carried out by a certified person qualified to assess, such as a Specialist Teacher/Assessor with AMBDA.
Once a person has been formally identified as dyslexic then they are considered to have a recognised disability covered by the Equality Act 2010.